History Ideas about Crime, Law, Police and Corrections

Ideas about Crime, Law, Police and Corrections
Ideas about Crime, Law, Police and Corrections

A History of Ideas About Crime, Law, Police and Corrections

The History ideas about crime law, police and corrections assignment looks at all these social issues inclusively. It addresses Different professionals in the field of criminology have often given views based on what they believe are the most appropriate ways of handling crime. Their perspectives are based on the legal frameworks that have been adopted as far as the history of crimes dates back, the role of the police in eradicating crime and the methods that have been advocated to be appropriate and the forms of corrections that are considered to be adaptable to respond to crime.

All the researchers have noted a connection between the crimes, the law, the police and the correctional practices that are considered the most appropriate to dealing with crime. This review will offer a closer historical look at the main ideas relating to crime with specific reference to the role of the law enforcements, the forms of correction, that have been adopted and the existing laws and their transformation over the years to accommodate the changes in the society.

One of the main perspectives on the history of crime, law, police and corrections has been presented in the article Criminal Justice Masterworks: where the authors comment that there are four noteworthy and “giant” contributors to the field of criminology. Among the four, the founding father of criminology is Cesare Beccaria who changed how crime has been viewed by offering a dynamic approach to the ideas behind crime in his time at around 1700’s. His books were widely spread throughout Europe offering different insights which focused on transforming the mindset of many of those that were living during the Enlightenment period.

One his treatise “On Crimes and Punishment was radical since it was considered to be a direct form of condemnation of the prevailing legal system and commonly accepted ideas about justice. The book itself might have been viewed as a criminal attack upon the government raising concerns about how the government was handling crime at the time.”

In chapter 11 of the book, he raises concerns on the forms of crimes that are allowed to exists, the nature of these types of crime and the role of the law enforcements either in eradicating these crimes or identifying their existence. In particular, he notes that while the Magistrate whom was referred to as the police may be assigned to handling specific duties such as monitoring merry making either in churches or any other institutions, the police are the ones to determine whether the crimes are justified enough.

In such a case, they are viewed to be the judge of the crime depending on the environment that they have been subjected to or the perception that they may have regarding a specific instance. Such a perspective was focused on pointing out the flaws of their current legal system and also gave ways to significantly improve its application. Other reviews document how individuals such as Catharine the Great wanted Beccaria to oversee the reform of the laws due to his position on what is right or wrong in reference to crime.

Cesare Beccaria’s position on the nature of the laws was “that all laws must be reasonable and necessary," According to Cesare, the success of the justice systems lies in finding equity in the application of the law.......... Please Note that we have uploaded only a section of this paper..................

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History Ideas about Crime, Law, Police and Corrections

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