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Benchmark Assignment Evidence-Based Practice Project on Diabetes

Benchmark Assignment Evidence-Based Practice Project on Diabetes
Benchmark Assignment Evidence-Based Practice Project on Diabetes

Benchmark Assignment: Evidence-Based Practice Project- Paper on Diabetes

Treatment of illnesses and diseases has been a pursuit central to human health care since the inception of the field. Since time immemorial, humans have sought to alleviate illnesses through all sorts of folk medicine and homeopathic practices. Relatively speaking, scientifically backed medicine is a very, very new field. These modern advancements have made it possible to effectively treat a variety of diseases Ė diabetes, for example.

Diabetes affects both old and young people, with some showing symptoms of the disease at a very young age (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). Though diabetes is a very serious condition on its own, modern efforts have allowed for treatments that effectively manage the disorder. In addition to treatments, diagnosis for diabetes has also been simplified. One such diagnosis is the A1C, which gauges how effectively a patient manages his or her diabetes by tracking blood sugar levels over extended time. In this paper, the procedure and working method of the A1C will be discussed.

With diabetes affecting millions of Americans, the cost of treatment is a heavy load on government budgets. Because of this, an increased focus aimed at solving the epidemic of diabetes has been called for (International Expert Committee, 2009). The A1C is a diagnostic that a physician uses to measure a patientís blood sugar level over the last 90 days.

The central molecule to the diagnostic is hemoglobin, and it has thus been dubbed the hemoglobin test. As diabetes begins to develop within an individual, that individual initially usually does not show symptoms of it. However, due to the individualís lack of awareness to the slow development of the disease, they continue to neglect their blood sugar levels, which leads to a sugar buildup in the blood as it sticks to the hemoglobin. A1C tests the amount of glucose attached to hemoglobin in the blood.

A study performed across six populations from different nations tested the effectiveness of the A1C test in comparison to the Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT). In the results of every group of the study, those who were tested with A1C were diagnosed at an earlier stage than compared to the OGTT.

Given the early detection of the disorder, the A1C allows for early treatment, preventing the development of acute symptoms. The OGTT is late in this regard, as it returns results at a stage where the patient has already passed the phase in which symptoms begin to appear, and is thus too slow to use as a preventative measure. A1C is a superior diagnosis method which enables patients to maintain their blood sugar levels and eliminate potential symptoms.

††† Christensen, et al. (2010), sees the A1C as a screening tool that allows physicians to accurately and preventatively identify diabetic individuals, and a tool which enables the providing of medication and education at a crucial time. The test has been successfully used to test for both type 1 and 2 diabetes accurately and at the perfect time Ė right before the phase of the breakthrough of the disorder.†

According to Christensen, et al. (2010), the prevalence of diabetes among US adult citizens is 12.6% according to research results done with A1C. Only 28.2% of these patients, however, were considered diabetic in accordance to fasting glucose levels. But, the test aims to identify glucose levels and the potential effects should this glucose level be maintained. Therefore, in reality, the results of the A1C are accurate and provide valid information.

The use of A1C test among patients has helped identify the patients suffering from diabetes at an early age and providing them with a diagnosis for treatment. Additionally, the A1C test had provided an opportunity to categorizing patients at the initial phase on the type of diabetes that they have as either type 1 or type 2. With the information on the type of disease of a patient, the doctor can provide the right medication to help the patient combat the disease even in the early stages.

On the other hand, the results of the A1C test provide a patient with accurate information on their body sugar level and the importance of maintaining a standard level for their body health. The adoption of the A1C tests among the children and the adults is one way of curbing the increased prevalence of diabetes in many countries in the world. However, the use of the A1C test may provide a different diagnosis results for a blood sample for one patient while another patient it provides a diagnosis for diabetes. In such cases, the blood glucose levels of the patients may not have been accumulated with glucose or the patient is in the early stage of the disease.

In conclusion, the A1C test is one of the modern methods that have been put forth to help combat diabetes, which is becoming a disaster in many countries. The test provides results, which are derived from the sugar levels that are tested from the blood sample of a patient.

Though not completely accurate as to the effect of the disease to a patient, the test provides information on the blood glucose level, which reflects on the occurrence of diabetes to a patient. The WHO reports ranking diabetes as a leading contributor in mortality rates will help in a great part to increase efforts to curb the prevalence of the disease. The implementation and use of the A1C test in the medical centers will help increase the campaign towards reducing the impact of diabetes in the world.

References

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014). National Diabetes Statistics Report: Estimates of Diabetes and its Burden in the United States, 2014. Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services, 7-15.

Christensen, D. L., Witte, D. R., Kaduka, L., Jorgensen, M. E., Borch-Johnsen, K., Mohan, V., et al. (2010). Moving to an A1C-Based Diagnosis of Diabetes Has a Different Impact on Prevalence in Different Ethnic Groups. Diabetes Care, 580-582.

International Expert Committee. (2009). International Expert Committee Report on the Role of the A1C Assay in the Diagnosis of Diabetes. Diabetes Care, 1327-1334.

Benchmark Assignment Evidence-Based Practice Project on Diabetes

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