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Response Paper On Aristotelian Ethics and Moral Principles

Ethics and Moral Principles
Ethics and Moral Principles

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Write a Response Paper On Aristotelian Ethics and Moral Principles rely on the position presented by Aristotle virtue ethics, nicomachean ethics essay

Question 1: Aristotles Moral Virtue Teachings

So far, I have come to appreciate Aristotle as the philosopher he is especially since his ethics and tenets on moral virtue have been of great impact on my thoughts and conceptions of late. His teachings on moral virtue have been constantly on my mind often since I came across the reading sand got to understand his assertions and point of view/Philosophy.

His teachings and assertions on excesses and limits have had a great impact on my thoughts and actions of late especially at my age when life is full of excesses and lesser limits and since I have had a habit of doing things in excess- mostly not the right things.
In his definition of moral virtue, Aristotle defines moral virtue as the disposition of behaving in a manner that can be regarded to be the right manner, which is also a mean between extremes of excess and deficiency- which are regarded to be vices. In his assertions on moral virtue and more so, on the extremes of excesses and deficiency,

Aristotle seems to argue that people learn moral virtue mainly by practice and habit rather than through instruction and reasoning. Virtue is explained by Aristotle to be a matter of having a proper and the right attitude towards pleasure and pain. For instance, cowards would suffer immense fear in the ace of danger whereas brave and rash persons would not suffer sufficient far.

Thus, exhibiting a moral virtue requires having certain principal virtues as outlined by Aristotle, in which a person is not on the extremes of excesses or deficiency but rather a person who exerts a mean between the two extremes and has a certain degree of equilibrium: for instance, instead of having the extreme deficiency of cowardice or extreme excess of rash in regards to fear, a person needs to attain an equilibrium and possess the mean that is courage. Nonetheless, a virtuous person may not exhibit all the virtues according to Aristotle since they do not exist distinctly as separate qualities but they exist in an individual as different aspects in the personís virtuous life.


Moral virtue as portrayed by Aristotle is a matter of choice. People choose to possess virtues of extreme deficiency or extreme excess and as such they can also choose to attain equilibrium and achieve a medium as required by moral virtue to be regarded as virtuous individuals. As such, we can be held responsible for the actions we perform voluntary through choice and not those made by unavoidable ignorance or physical compulsion. Measuring moral judgment as such is by choices made voluntarily.


People seem to aim at the good but do not realize it could be a vice by aiming at an apparent good as they are ignorant of what is really good. I have learnt that attaining a medium is what is good and not excess or deficiency in extreme as much as it may seem as the apparent good.

Question 2 classical ethics question sides with Aristotelian ethics and moral principles

One of the issues that has received wide discourse in all areas- in the political arena, in the legal arena, and in the public domain- has been the issue of pro-choice versus pro-life. Mostly, the debate in abortion has been divided into the legal and the political debates; the questions may not be unrelated but they are distinct in the two areas. However, this paper seeks to argue the abortion issue on an ethical perspective.
The question that has been the elephant in the room is on whether abortion is moral or not.

This paper seeks to assert that abortion is immoral and in fact not even those in the pro-choice camp would be affirmative in their justification of the morality of abortion. In fact, survivors of abortion or those that have one it in the past concur that it is regrettable, yet this paper does not completely ignore that there are other influential factors that make abortion morally justifiable in certain situations. These situations could be such as when the pregnancy is a result of rape and so forth. This paper is however not a politically or legally objectified paper but one that seeks to tackle the argument on an ethical and moral standpoint.


In stressing on the immorality of abortion and standing for pro-choice, this paper uses an old philosophical question derived from classical ethics: Do people like things because the things are good or are things good because people like them. This question in itself is a simple and concise end to the argument on abortion as it affirms the immorality of abortion. The question may draw all kinds of descriptive titles in justification of either side (pro-life and pro-choice) such as realism or voluntarism.


Based on the philosophical question, even pro-choice persons would agree that abortion is good because they like it; not that they like abortion because it is good. This classical ethics question sides with Aristotelian ethics and moral principles. This is in that things are good because they are simply good and nothing else. Good is what is united with the beautiful and the true: or in religious factions that God is the Good and that his will is identical with his nature.


In simple terms, pro-life and pro-choice all agree that abortion is immoral. This is because they do not like abortion because it is god, but the pro-choice think abortion is good because they like the idea. The simple philosophical and ethical argument is on the fact that good things are good because they are so. This means anything else short of this is not good. Concisely, abortion is immoral. Pro-life is the way to take!

Question 3: Aristotelian ethics and moral principles

Essentially, happiness has not been easy to define for most people since happiness in mystical terms or for a person in power, for instance, is not the same as that of the very day regular person. In their daily lives and encounters, people define happiness differently based on the conditions and experiences or lives. This paper however seeks to define happiness from a philosophical standpoint. As aforementioned in the first question, Aristotelian ethics and moral principles have been of great interest and as such, this section discusses happiness based on the tenets of Aristotle.


In describing eudemonia/ happiness, Aristotle first and for most affirmed that happiness is the goal and objective in very human thought as well as action. More accurately, eudemonia, although defined lightly as just happiness, can be accurately regarded as the flourishing of humans and it involves exhibition of virtue and activity in accordance to and based on reason. In essence, Aristotle, the most influential metaphysical philosophers, recognizes happiness as the highest ambition and desire of all human beings. In addition, he affirms that happiness can only be attained in human beings through exercising and practicing the highest virtues.


Aristotle asserted that happiness is more than people see it in a tangible state but rather a lifestyle exercised with every passing day and that the main characteristic in this way of life is when people constantly extract and encourage the extraction of the best from every individual. Happiness is referred to as eudemonia since it involves having prudence in character as well as having good fate and luck for one to lead a truly and full happy life.
Furthermore, Aristotle states that intermediate aims are most peopleís aims and are only in line with attainment of higher aims.

In this regard, things like wealth, courage, and intelligence are only in relation to higher things as eudemonia is the only valuable thing in itself.
Concisely, Aristotle emphasizes on the need for virtue to attain happiness and that lack of virtue gives just contentment and not happiness/ eudemonia. His thoughts and tenets on happiness through virtue can be seen to have influenced development of religion such as the Christian Church as similarities can be seen in Judeo-Christian religionsí principles.

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Response Paper On Aristotelian Ethics and Moral Principles

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