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How white Americans attempted to Segregate and Control Minority groups in the late 19th century

Analyze how white Americans attempted to integrate /segregate and control minority groups in the late 19th century and how these minority groups responded

Write an analytical essay based upon the prompt and set of documents below and upload completed work into Blackboard through the link below. Worth up to 100 points.

Requirements:
Do not merely paraphrase other work (whether cited or not) as this is poor scholarship and does not reflect your thoughts and your analysis.
Required Document 1: Atlanta Compromise Speech
Required Document 2: Southern Horrors
Required Document 3: American Indian Stories
an e-text which will open in a new window. Read the SCHOOL DAYS OF AN INDIAN GIRL section. Note that this book is partly biographical, partly a retelling of traditional Indian stories/parables. Think about what the author is conveying with this format, think about who her audience is for this book (hint - it is not fellow Indians). Pay particular attention to her biographical stories.
Required Document 4: Yick Wo v Hopkins

An Analysis on how White Americans Attempted to Integrate /Segregate and control minority groups in the late 19th century and how these minority groups responded

Introduction

The history of America in the 19th century is shaped by oppression, segregation and control of the minority groups by white Americans. This included the discrimination of the female gender as well as the control of the blacks and the Indian Americans. During the 19th century in America, women had no place in the male dominated society and were usually oppressed and mistreated.

[blur] The blacks served as slaves while the indigenous Americans comprised of the Indians were perceived as savages by white Americans and discriminated. However, towards the end of the 19th century there was an attempt to integrate the minority groups with the white Americans[1]. This paper reviews the control and domination of the minority groups by the white Americans, the retaliation of the minority and the attempt to integrate the minority groups. [/blur] †††

White Americans attempt to segregate and control the minority

[blur] Control and segregation of the minority groups in the course of the 19th century existed through slavery of the blacks, segregation of the Indians, and the oppression of women. Enslavement of Africans and African Americans by white Americans existed in the 18th century to late 19th century. Slaves had no human right and were owned as property by their white masters. The black people basically referred to as Negros were viewed as inferior people by the white Americans[2]. [/blur]

[blur] The American native communities who mainly comprised of the Indians were sidelined by the white Americans who perceived them as savages. They were mainly discriminated against due to their religion and culture[3]. Connectively, control and discrimination of the female gender by the white Americans also existed in the 19th century. Women both black and white were lynched by mob for sexual immoralities while their counterpart male offenders went scot free[4]. [/blur]

††††††††††† [blur] In the mid and late 19th century, the minority groups started retaliating against the control and discrimination of the white Americans. The blacks retaliated through activist movements which were led by educated African American. One such activist was Booker T. who in his speech of 1895 demonized racism[5].The American Indians on the other used violent uprisings to gain recognition. Enlightened members of the community also used literature activism to show the plight of their people as narrated in American Indian Stories book series[6]. Women also sought recognition through literature and activism. Ida Wells and Latimer Felton were among the female authors served as activists and wrote articles and books that advocated for women empowerment[7]. [/blur]

††††††††††† [blur] The attempt to integrate the minority with the white Americans came in the second half of 19th century and was mainly led by key activists in the respective minority groups. Attempt of integration between the blacks and the white American can be traced in 1895 in Booker T. speech. In the speech, the African American spokesman addressed the need for racial equality and inclusion of the blacks[8]. [/blur]

[blur] Attempts of integration among the Indians can be traced in literature. Zitkala-Sa†in her book talks about her experiences in a modern school alongside white students. This can be argued as a step towards integration of the two communities. Integration of gender can also be traced in literature[9]. Ida Wells and Latimer Felton in their literal pieces reveal the complex drama of race and sex among the Southern women. Their literature sought for political, social and economic empowerment of women[10]. [/blur]

Conclusion

††††††††††† [blur] The paper successfully reviews the main issues in control and domination of the minority groups by the white Americans, the retaliation of the minority and the attempt to integrate the minority groups. The minority groups in America in the 19th century comprised of the blacks who served and slaves and the American Indian communities. Women were also among the oppressed groups in the male dominated society. Later in the 19th century, key individuals among the oppressed groups advocated for their recognition and integration in the mainstream society. [/blur]


[1] Luckingham, Bradford. Minorities in Phoenix: A Profile of Mexican American, Chinese American, and African American Communities, 1860-1992. University of Arizona Press, 2016.

[2] Washington, Booker T. "The 1895 Atlanta Compromise Speech." The Booker T. Washington Papers 3 (1974): 583-87.

[3] Zitkala-Sa. The School Days of an Indian Girl. University of Virginia Library, 1996.

[4] Royster, Jacqueline Jones. Southern Horrors and Other Writings: Anti-Lynching Campaign of Ida B. Wells, 1892-1900. Macmillan Higher Education, 2016.

[5] Washington, Booker T. "The 1895 Atlanta Compromise Speech."

[6] Zitkala-Sa. The School Days of an Indian Girl

[7] Royster, Jacqueline Jones. Southern Horrors and Other Writings: Anti-Lynching Campaign of Ida B. Wells, 1892-1900

[8] Washington, Booker T. "The 1895 Atlanta Compromise Speech."

[9] Zitkala-Sa. The School Days of an Indian Girl

[10] Royster, Jacqueline Jones. Southern Horrors and Other Writings: Anti-Lynching Campaign of Ida B. Wells, 1892-1900

How white Americans attempted to Segregate and Control Minority groups in the late 19th century

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