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Analyze literary element common to two short stories

Instruction for Paper 2: How may a reader analyze a literary element common to two short stories so as to understand meaning in (significance of) the stories?

By writing this paper, you will answer this question and demonstrate the following skills for writing about literature:
Analyze literature for a purpose.


Distinguish digital or print materials through annotation in order to demonstrate reading and summary skills.


Identify a literary element common to two short stories.
Identify one to three examples from each story as evidence of the element.
Write a thesis statement that clearly identifies the common element, and what the paper will discuss about the stories and the element.


Write clear topic sentences for paragraphs that inform the reader what the paragraph will discuss.
Develop paragraphs that support the topic sentences.


Organize a comparison and contrast paper by presenting paragraphs logically and effectively, using one of two methods for comparison and contrast: story-by-story or idea-by-idea.
Write sentences in Standard English that clearly express ideas.

Demonstrate correct use of MLA formatting within the paper and on a Works Cited page.
Explain your writing process clearly and coherently.
Overview of the Workshop Format for Paper 2
In Paper 1, you developed a thesis statement presenting an academic argument based upon analysis of a literary element represented in a story.

In Paper 2, you will develop a thesis statement presenting an academic argument based upon analysis of a single literary element common to two stoires; Paper 2 will present its argument in the form/format of comparison and contrast of the element's function in the two stories.

You will be using the feedback you received on Paper 1 from your instructor to help you clarify content and to correct errors in the draft for Paper 2.
For Paper 2, review the selection of stories (see Week 1, Section 3) and choose another story to pair with the first or choose two new stories in order to write about a literary element, such as plot, character, setting, etc. Then, as you did for Paper 1, you will workshop the following areas in the weekly discussions.


Week 5: Thesis. Your thesis statement should identify both stories and the literary element. You will work on the thesis, pattern of organization, and outline in the Week 5 discussion. Topic sentences for the outline will be reviewed, and you will also be applying the critical reading skills you've been developing throughout the course.


Weeks 6, 7, and 8: Development. Paragraphs of the body of the paper will focus on analyzing how each story exemplifies the common element. During the discussions, you will review the following writing strategies to develop your paragraphs, which are more complex than paragraphs in Paper 1 because two stories (instead of one) are analyzed in comparison/contrast style to develop and present your ideas.
development of body paragraphs that include strong topic sentences and transitions that set up comparison/contrast of the two stories and their shared literary element
development and management of signal phrases
inclusion of claims and evidence that help to develop your argument


using keywords and quotations as development techniques
Throughout Weeks 5 to 8: Sentence Level and MLA. Your writing should be carefully proofread for sentence-level concerns. It should be formatted and documented according to MLA style in the form of parenthetical citations and a works cited page.

Throughout the writing of Paper 2, you will be applying grammatical and documentation skills you learned from Paper 1.
Reminder: As in Paper 1, remember that your reader has read the stories and is familiar with them. Extensive summary is not useful. Rather, analyze and explain how selected passages from the two stories illustrate the common literary element and support your thesis.


Reflection: Include within the same document as the paper itself a few paragraphs (three to four) describing your writing process, including what you learned about writing from having completed Paper 1 and receiving feedback for it.
When Paper 2 is complete, submit it to turnitin (if required) and then upload the paper and Reflection paragraphs (as a single document) to your assignments folder within the link "Paper 2" by the deadline.


Word Count:
750-1,000 words (Paper 2)
three-four paragraphs (Reflection)
Read literature for critical insights
Exemplary
10 points
Proficient
8 points
Developing
7 points
Emerging
6 points
No Credit
0 points
Critical Reading Skills
Paper demonstrates that the writer has read the stories and can accurately identify the same literary element in each and apply it for analysis

Paper provides original and critical insights based on this analysis
Paper accurately responds to the topic by applying complete and accurate statements from the stories Paper demonstrates that the writer understands the stories and can identify a literary element common to both both
Paper provides evidence that the writer understands the dynamics of both stories
Paper responds to the topic, making apt references to the story Paper demonstrates partial understanding of the stories; it may name a literary element and attempt to apply it for analysis
Paper provides evidence that the writer understands superficial dynamics of the story
Paper responds to topic though some references to the story may prove ineffectual
†Paper demonstrates minimal understanding of the stories; it may name a literary element but does not apply it aptly for analysis
Paper may provide summary rather than insights
Paper may respond to topic without referring effectually to the story
†Paper demonstrates little understanding of the story; it may neglect to name a literary element or may not apply an element for analysis
Paper provides no evidence of insight into the story
Paper may respond ineffectually to the topic/ 10 †
This table lists criteria and criteria group name in the first column. The first row lists level names and includes scores if the rubric uses a numeric scoring method.
Literary Element and Meaning
Exemplary
30 points
Proficient
25 points
Developing
20 points
Emerging
15 points
No Credit
0 points
Identification and application of literary element (plot, setting, characterization, diction, or theme) to explain meaning in the stories Thesis statement Composition of paragraphs: *introduction *body *conclusion
Paper clearly identifies an element, discusses its function within the stories, and explains how it functions to create meaning in each story

Thesis statementclearly reflects the topic, the element, and the writer's main idea for the paper

Introduction addresses the topic and states the thesis; body paragraphs are organized logically, coherently with topic sentences and logical transitions; conclusion states the significance of the paper's findingsPaper identifies an element, discusses it in relation to the stories, and explains the writer's interpretation of meaning in each story

Thesis statement reflects the topic, the element, and a main idea for the paper

Introduction addresses the topic and states the thesis; body paragraphs are organized mostly logically, coherently with topic sentences and logical transitions; conclusion states the significance of the paper's findingsPaper identifies an element and discusses it but may lose focus on the proving its function in the stories or may not explain how it creates meaning

Thesis statement may imperfectly reflect the topic, the element, or a main idea for the paper

Introduction may address the topic haphazardly and misstate the thesis; body paragraphs may be poorly organized and lack topic sentences and/or logical transitions; and conclusion may not state the significance of the paper's findingsPaper may identify an element but may not focus on its function in the stories and/or may not explain its function in relation to meaning

Thesis statement may not reflect the topic or the element and/or a main idea for the paper

Attempted introduction, body, and conclusion may each or all fall short of standards explained in course material and practiced in discussion topicsPaper does not present a discussion of an element's function in the stories so as to create meaning/ 30 †
This table lists criteria and criteria group name in the first column. The first row lists level names and includes scores if the rubric uses a numeric scoring method.
Presentation of Evidence
Exemplary
20 points
Proficient
17 points
Developing
15 points
Emerging
13 points
No Credit
0 points
Development of Comparison and Contrast
Paper provides compelling and accurate analytical evidence from both stories that persuades the reader to accept the thesis by comparison and/or contrast
Paper provides a comparison and/or contrast of the stories to persuade the reader of most aspects of the thesis†Paper provides some evidence from the stories but not enough to support the thesis by comparison and/or contrast
†Paper either provides little evidence from the stories or ineptly compares and/or contrasts them or bothPaper provides no evidence or fails to compare and/or contrast/ 20 †
This table lists criteria and criteria group name in the first column. The first row lists level names and includes scores if the rubric uses a numeric scoring method.
Sentence Level
Exemplary
20 points
Proficient
17 points
Developing
15 points
Emerging
13 points
No Credit
0 points
Communication of Ideas at the Sentence Level
All sentences are grammatically correct and clearly written
Ideas in the sentences are understood upon first reading
Words are used appropriately and grammatically and stylistically correctly; spelling and punctuation are correctMost sentences are grammatically correct and clearly written

Ideas in most sentences are understood upon first reading
Words are used mostly appropriately and grammatically and stylistically correctly; spelling and punctuation are mostly correctSeveral (5-7) sentences my be grammatically incorrect or not clearly written

A sentence may have to be read a few times for it meaning to be understood
Some words are used inappropriately and grammatically and stylistically incorrectly; spelling and punctuation errors may appear Numerous (8 or more) major grammatical errors, including fragments, run-on sentences, and comma splices may appear

Sentences' meanings may not be understood even after re-reading
Several words are used inappropriately and grammatically and stylistically incorrectly; spelling and punctuation errors may appearMore than 10 major grammatical errors appear

Comprehension is difficult or impossible in some instances
Numerous errors of grammar and style appear/ 20 †
This table lists criteria and criteria group name in the first column. The first row lists level names and includes scores if the rubric uses a numeric scoring method.


Formatting and Documentation
Exemplary
10 points
Proficient
8 points
Developing
7 points
Emerging
6 points
No Credit
0 points
MLA Formatting and Documentation
Evidence is correctly documented in MLA style, including direct quotations, paraphrase, and summary

The Works Cited list appears on its own page and correctly formatted

MLA formatting is correctly used for the paper's title, the short story titles, and the paper itselfEvidence is cited within the paper, but minor problems may appear, for example, withform or formatting of some citations, such as quotations, paraphrase, and summary

The Works Cited page may be incorrectly formed and/or formatted

The formatting of the paper may not follow MLA style entirely Some evidence within the paper may not be documented; some may be incorrectly documented; more than 3 major errors may appear in documentation

The Works Cited page may not be complete or may present some information incorrectly

The formatting does not follow MLA style in several instancesAn attempt was made at documenting evidence, but minimal documentation appears within the paper and/or errors are evident in the documentation

Information appears incorrect either in the paper or on the Works Cited page

The formatting does not follow MLA style in numerous instances No documentation appears within the paper or it may be altogether incorrect

The Works Cited page does not appear

Formatting may appear in APA (or another) style or as a hybrid of APA and MLA/ 10 This table lists criteria and criteria group name in the first column. The first row lists level names and includes scores if the rubric uses a numeric scoring method.
Reflection
Exemplary
5 points
Proficient
4 points
Developing
3 points
Emerging
2 points
No Credit
0 points
Reflection on Writing Process
The writer submitted a thoughtful reflection of the writing process for the paper

The submitted version of the paper demonstrates thorough application of the writing process; it is clear that the writer carefully thought through the steps necessary to create a rich learning experience The writer submitted a reflection of the writing process for the paper

The submitted version of the paper demonstrates application of the writing process; the writer may have thought through the steps necessary to create a rich learning experience, but the paper needed more attention in its development and presentationThe writer submitted a reflection of the writing process for the paper

The submitted version of the paper demonstrates some application of the writing process, but the paper may have needed more attention to 2 or 3 steps; presentation in the final version is problematicThe writer submitted a reflection of the writing process for the paper

The submitted version of the paper demonstrates minimal application of the writing process, needing more attention to 3 or more steps

The paper needed much more attention to either the development or the presentation of the final version or both No reflection on the writing process was submitted/ 5 Rubric Total Score
Total
/ 95
Overall Score
Overall Score
Excellent
90 points minimum
Good
80 points minimum
Fair
70 points minimum
Poor
60 points minimum
No Credit
0 points minimum

Analyze literary element common to two short stories

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