Effects of watching NHL hockey fights - Aggression in youth hockey players


1.       Write complete reference in APA format (1pt)


1.       State the research question (1pt)

- This is a statement of what the authors were interested in looking at

Example “the authors were looking to investigate the effects of watching NHL hockey fights on reported aggression in youth hockey players


State the important of/reasons for the study (1pt)

·         Why are the authors interested in the topic?

·         What do they hope to find?

·         Example “the authors stated that it would appear that violence in youth hockey is on the rise and they were interested in assessing whether exposure to violent imagery on television contributed to this rise.”



State the primary hypotheses? (1pt)

·         This should be right before the methods section

·         It is a series of questions that they want to get answers to, there will usually be more than one.

·         Often it is listed as a series of expectations that they have from their study

·         You’ll see words like “it is anticipated” or “it is expected” or “it is hypothesized that” followed by an anticipated study result.

·         Example: “it was expected that youth hockey players that viewed highlight videos of NHL hockey fights would exhibited higher levels of aggressive attitude and aggressive on ice behavior.”



Give sample characteristics (1pt)

·         This is a detailed description of the participants

·         Information to potentially Include

o    Number of participants, gender, race (if provided), geographical location (if provided), skill level (if provided), competition level (if provided. Ex. elite vs. recreational), activity level (if provided, ex. sedentary vs. active)

·         Example: “study participants consisted of 45 male and female youth hockey players aged 6 to 12 from a recreational junior league in a small Midwestern town.”

·         Provide as much detail as you feel is necessary for your reader to know who took part in the study



Describe variables tested and how they tested them. (1pt)

·         Describe the variables that were tested and the measures that were used to test them

·         Example:

·         “player’s aggressive attitude was assessed using the Made Up Aggressive Attitude Scale developed by J. P. Willow (2020).

·         Aggressive behavior was assessed through direct observation and review of game film, aggressive behaviors were those that led to penalty, consisted of intentional bodily contact



Give a brief summary of study design (1pt)

·         This is a brief review of the methodology of the study

·         Think of it as the recipe for the study

·         Give a brief description of how the study was done.

·         Example: “45 youth hockey players were separated into two groups. Group 1 watched My Little Pony cartoons for 30 minutes prior to a game while Group 2 watched ESPN’s Best Hockey Fights of 2019 for 30 minutes. Upon completion of watching the video, players completed the Made Up Aggressive Attitude Scale and then participated in their game. During the game, aggressive behavior was monitored by the researcher and games were also videotaped. Later, an independent reviewer observed the videotape to confirm aggressive behavior.”



What did they find? (1pt)

·         This is a brief summary of study results

·         They will likely answer each of their research questions

·         Remember, finding nothing is still finding something, if they fail to find what they expect, they will give a few reasons why


1.       Importance of the findings and future directions (2pts)

·         I call this the “why do we care” portion of the review.

·         Why are the findings import, what can we learn from the findings

·         Where do we go from here?

·         How can the findings be used in practice?


Effects of watching NHL hockey fights - Aggression in youth hockey players

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