The Strategic Purchasing Principles And Methodologies.

Overview
This project supports all the course objectives and requires the student to apply nearly all of the strategic purchasing principles and methodologies learned throughout the course.  The project involves a literature review and several scenario questions.

Consider this project as one paper which will be completed over seven weeks.  The complete course project will have three deliverables: (1) Part I, (2) Part II, and (3) Part III.

Part I (Due in Lesson 2)

In order for you to develop your writing strategy, you will need to submit a Project Outline at the end of Lesson 2.  

·        This outline will help you gather your thoughts and structure your writing. Think of the outline topics as the headings in the body of your paper.  

·        Include an Introduction and Conclusion in your outline.  

·        Carefully review the Course Project instructions prior to completing your outline.

·        Submit a list of at least 5 potential sources (one of which must be your text).

Part II (Due in Lesson 4)

·        Review feedback received from your professor regarding Part I.

·        Complete a literature review as described in the Course Project instructions.

·        Utilize information found in your text and other appropriate sources.

Part III (Due in Lesson 7)

·        Review feedback received from your professor regarding Part II.

·        Complete the project sections described in the Course Project instructions.

·        Complete the conclusion of your paper by summarizing and reiterating the main points of the literature review and the projects.

·        Utilize information found in your text and other appropriate so

LITERATURE REVIEW GUIDELINES

Literature Reviews seek to provide an analysis of the major findings on a given topic by the academic community. 

  • A solid literature review, therefore, will have numerous citations from numerous scholarly sources. 
  • In essence, a literature review is a review of previous studies on a topic, and its main purpose is to provide an exhaustive overview of these previous studies and categorize the findings therein in a systematic way, in order to identify key conclusions that can be drawn and identify gaps in the research.
  • By default, therefore, a literature review should be full of numerous citations from numerous sources.  Below is a sample from a literature review that demonstrates this point (notice the high use of citations from various scholarly sources and the use of transition statements to link various categories of findings):

Transformational leadership is an outgrowth of the Human Relations emphasis on caring for employees and helping them to grow personally and achieve more for the organization, and it focuses on motivating employees to see the vision of the company and stay focused on it (Gracia-Morales, Llorens-Montes, and Verdu-Jover, 2008). Transformational leaders are employee centered (Zhu, Chew, and Spangler, 2005), and are focused on helping employees develop their potential (Avolio, 1999, Bass and Avolio, 1994, and Bryman, 1992).

Numerous studies have linked transformational leadership practices to organizational benefits.  For instance, a management team that applies transformational leadership is more effective in increasing the organization’s ability to “integrate, share and use this knowledge integratively” (Gracia-Morales, Llorens-Montes, & Verdu-Jover, 2008), therefore, transformational leadership is linked to organizational learning.  Geer, Maher and Cole (2008) found that transformational leadership practices enhance accountability in non-profits.  Bally (2007) argued that transformational leadership practices were helpful in encouraging mentoring programs for nurses.  Zhu, Chew, and Spangler (2005) found that transformational leadership reduces employee absenteeism.

Beyond these secondary benefits, many studies have found a link between transformational leadership and organizational performance.  Transformational leadership practices have been found to increase performance via the stimulation of organizational citizenship behavior (Wang, Hackett, Law, Wang, & Chen, 2005; Boerner, Eisenbeiss, & Griesser, 2007).  Xenikou and Simosi (2006) argue that transformational leadership enhances productivity by encouraging a more achievement-oriented perspective among organizational members.

HOW TO FIND A SCHOLARLY SOURCE

What is a Scholarly Source?

Students are often confused about what a scholarly source actually is. 

  • A scholarly source is NOT a newspaper, business magazine, a business-oriented website, a government report, a blog, Wikipedia, an encyclopedia/dictionary of any sort, etc.
  • A scholarly source IS one that is written for the academic community—for scholars.  The academic community is different from the “business professional” community because they are looking for rigorous research and analysis.
  • Scholarly sources have an extensive review of previous research and often include a hypothesis which the authors seek to test. 
  • Statistical analysis is therefore included as well.
  • Scholarly sources are “peer-reviewed” meaning, that the editorial board of the journal reviews article submissions for scientific reasoning and acumen.

How do I find a Scholarly Source?

From your course page, click on “CSU Links” (found on the left hand menu) and then “Library”.

  1. You will arrive at the Library Landing Page which incorporates the “Research Portal”.  Type in your search word(s) in the box under the words, “Discover articles, books, and more”.  Hit “Enter” or click “Search”.
  2. You will now see the search results.  To narrow the results, check the box in front of the words, “Scholarly (Peer Reviewed) Journals”.

How do I use scholarly sources?

  • Start by reading the abstract at the beginning of an article you think might be a good fit for your assignment. What was the purpose of the article—in other words, what hypothesis/research question were the authors trying to answer?
  • Skim through the literature review section to see where the authors are coming from in their research.
  • Skim through the methodology section, which will likely be heavy in statistical analysis. 
  • Focus in particular on the “Discussion” section, where the findings from the research are discussed in greater detail and conclusions are drawn.
  • When sharing findings from the article in your writing assignment, make sure you actually understand what you are sharing.  

If you’re going to quote a statement from the article, make sure it fits within the context of your writing assignment—scholarly sources in particular can be so focused on a particular research question that you have to be sure that you weave in the findings from such sources in an intelligent manner.

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